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Bladed Weapons of the East  
 
     
 

Jian

The Jian is a double-edged straight sword used during the last 3 millenia in China. Most one-handed Jian have blades varying from 0.45 to 0.8 meters.

The Jian is a thrusting weapon more than a slashing weapon.

The blade is often divided into three sections for different offensive and defensive techniques. The tip of the blade is the jianfeng, meant for stabbing, and quick slashing. The middle section is the zhongren or middle edge, and is used for a variety of offensive and defensive actions: cleaving cuts, and deflections. The section of blade closest to the guard is called the jiangen or root, and is mainly used for defense.

In folklore, it is known as "The Gentleman of Weapons" and is considered one of the four major weapons, along with the staff, Dao, and the Qiang.